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Physiotherapy aims to encourage and support your return to normal after illness, surgery, disease or trauma. It is often described as rehabilitation. So whether your problem is a sprained ankle, back pain, a stroke, chest problems, women's health, injury at work or one of many other conditions, there is likely to be a specialist physiotherapist to help you.

What do Physiotherapists do?  

They are involved in a vast range of care and common treatments including:

  • Spinal problems including prolapse disc, degeneration, sciatica, lumbago, stiff/painful neck and referred arm and leg pains. 
  • Joint problems - arthritis, injury, pain and swelling, stiffness in joints
  • Injuries - to muscles ligaments, cartilage and tendons. Work-related conditions such as repetitive strain injury (RSI) and sports injuries
  • After surgery - rehabilitation after orthopaedic surgery e.g. hip and knee replacements or general physiotherapy after general surgery
  • Fractures - treatment to increase the healing rate and gain full function once the bones have healed
  • Abdominal problems - such as spastic colon, colitis and irritable bowel syndrome
  • Gynaecological conditions - including stress incontinence, dyspareunia, prolapse and post-surgery rehabilitation
  • Obstetrics - including ante and post-natal classes/exercise/relaxation/advice and treatment for back pain during pregnancy
  • Chest conditions - both medical and surgical including, asthma and sinusitis, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, bronchitis and bronchiectasis
  • Neurological conditions - such as strokes, head injuries, nerve injuries, multiple sclerosis, shingles, cerebral palsy and ME
  • Paediatrics - for childhood conditions including postural and walking problems


Physiotherapists use a number of different techniques including manipulation and mobilisation, massage, Tecar therapy and exercise programmes. Education about your problem will also give you the confidence to get back to normal.